However, industry players are the opportunity for Africa to go beyond the liberalized sky pact and put its house in order to reap all the benefits. „Signing the agreement is not enough. African countries must now turn to problems that could slow down the implementation of this pact, including high operating costs, poor infrastructure and good political goodwill. This is the only way to ensure the sustainability of the pact,“ Christopher said. „Some of these countries have stated that they are still assessing the impact of international air carriers on their domestic markets, the conditions and conditions of operation of these foreign air carriers in domestic airspace, and changes to the bilateral air services agreement. They must also approve new multilateral air services agreements for international airlines,“ he said. „A historic opportunity is missed,“ Schlumberger said. „Ten countries have not signed or ratified this decision and many other signatories have not implemented it. Today, most African countries that have abandoned their troubled airlines and opened up to foreign operators now have more efficient, safer and more competitive air transport services, both passengers and freight services.
„Ghana is pursuing its open skies policy and is signaling to the international aviation community that we are open for business,“ he said, adding that his Ministry of Aviation has granted 5th freedoms to most of the airlines that have applied. The United States has made open skis with more than 100 partners from all regions of the world and at all levels of economic development. In addition to the bilateral open skies agreements, the United States negotiated two multilateral open skies agreements: (1) the 2001 Multilateral Agreement on the Liberalization of International Air Transport (MALIAT) with New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei and Chile, to which Samoa, Tonga and Mongolia subsequently joined; and (2) the 2007 Air Services Agreement with the European Community and its 27 Member States. In addition, IATA Regional Vice-President for Africa Raphael Kuuchi believes that the non-implementation of open airspace remains an important factor in keeping the continental aviation sector below the global average. The establishment of a pan-African Open Sky agreement will ensure competition. A competitive aviation industry will have a cumulative effect on prices and safety standards. First, prices are reduced because the market is no longer monopolized by some airlines. Currently, national governments are able to impose strict rules, high taxes on fuel and passengers for airlines. The liberalization of the sector would mean that airlines are increasingly controlled by the market, not by the state. Competitive airfares will ensure that air travel is no longer exclusively an elite luxury. Another alternative is to focus on existing regional blocs, which already have an obligation to cooperate. The Northern Corridor Airspace Block is an example.
The states of Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and South Sudan have agreed to facilitate the implementation of the Airspace Management Initiative to establish smooth airspace operations and develop safe and inexpensive travel. Similar integration projects could be implemented in West Africa and other parts of the continent, which are already considering other regional infrastructure integration projects. While it would be quite advantageous to reach an open skies in the 54 countries of Africa, small steps may be taken in the different regions. This is despite the suggestion that countries still have reservations about opening their airspace. Experience with the liberalization of air services in other countries has also shown that they lead to an increase in trade in regional and intercontinental commercial services. According to the study, competitive airlines, with more frequent flights and lower fares, can