In August 2020, Egypt and Greece signed an agreement declaring an exclusive economic zone between the two countries. The announcement was made at a joint press conference with the foreign ministers of the two countries and said, within the European Union, that the agreement provides for a partial delimitation of the maritime borders between the two countries and that the remaining delimitation would be achieved through consultations.  Parliaments in both countries ratified the agreement quickly, and in October 2020, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi signed the agreement, which was later published in the country`s Official Gazette.  Turkey rejected the Greece-Egypt deal as „null and void,“ adding that Greece and Egypt have no reciprocal maritime border.  Greece recognizes as a single coast its territories located between the Region of Crete and the island of Meyisti. On the other hand, Turkey argues that the continental borders and the borders of the EEZ must be defined primarily between the continental countries of Libya, Egypt and Turkey. The claim of southern Cyprus to the status of the continent in the Mediterranean and the agreements resulting from it are not valid under international law. Even under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, southern Cyprus cannot ignore the equal rights of northern Cyprus and unilaterally take decisions on behalf of the Turkish people living on the island. Turkey and trnc objected to the agreements and indicated that the agreement between Cyprus and Egypt violated Turkey`s continental borders and that southern Cyprus seriously violated the equal opportunities rights of the TRNCs and that these violations were contrary to the principle of fair distribution. This is due to the fact that coastal geography and structure play a very important role in the delimitation of marine areas. This is, in most cases, the determining factor and it is based on two fundamental principles. „The principle of the domination of the country over the sea“ and „the coastal state establishes this domination on its coasts“.
This fundamental principle has been emphasized in all relevant judicial decisions (Malta-Libya case, Aegean continental bed case, Guinea-Bissau case). Fahrettin Altun, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan`s communications director, tweeted this week that the military deal would „improve the security situation for the Libyan people.“ Details of the memoranda signed on Wednesday, however, have yet to be published. The Israeli perspective, offered by the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, comments that the agreement does not confer sovereignty on Turkey and Libya over the claimed waters.  In addition, it is stated that third countries have been kept in the dark about the agreement between Turkey and Libya, which has raised questions about its legitimacy.  Turkey and the Government of National Unity have signed a border treaty[a] to create an exclusive economic zone in the Mediterranean, which means they can claim rights over seabed resources.  In accordance with the list of maritime treaties, this is the first agreement ever signed between the two countries and thus introduces a new dynamic in the eastern Mediterranean region. . . .